Fakir Mohan Senapati, regarded as the father of modern Odia prose fiction as well as the father of Odia nationalism, breathed new life into the Odia language and literature during a time of gloom and despair when the language was on the verge of disappearing due to a conspiracy by some Bengali hegemonists. His wit and sarcasm continue to be unparalleled in Odia literature. Fakir Mohan, a social reformer who shunned romantic topics, wrote about the ordinary man and his troubles, the exploitation of landless peasants by zamindars and their goons, and the general ignorance of the populace. He can legitimately be compared to 20th-century literary giants Premchand and Bibhutibhusan Banerjee. Even though he had no formal education, he proved to be an enlightened teacher, painter and a great administrator. In his
writings, Odia Nationalism was the dominant theme.
Fakir Mohan was born into a middle-class family in Malikaspur, Balasore district, to Lakhmana Charana Senapati and Tulasi Devi Senapat. His father passed away when he was one and a half years old. After 14 months, his mother passed away as well. His grandma has been taking care of him since he was a toddler.Young Fakir Mohan’s uncle was envious of him and prevented him from continuing his schooling. He was a slow learner as a result of his poor health. He used his employment as a child labourer to pay for his schooling.In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Fakir Mohan devoted his life to advancing the Odia language. The term “father of Odia fiction” refers to him.
Senapati was been to as the Thomas Hardy of Odisha by Mayadhar Mansingh. Although he translated works from Sanskrit, produced poetry, and tried his hand at many different literary genres, he is now generally recognised as the founder of contemporary Odia prose fiction. His four books, which were published between 1897 and 1915, are a reflection of Odisha’s sociocultural landscape at the time. While the three books Chha maana Atha Guntha, Mamu, and Prayaschita explore the reality of social life in all of its varied manifestations, “Lachhama” is a historical romance that examines the lawlessness that arose in Odisha following Maratha invasions in the eighteenth century. The earliest Indian novel to address the feudal Lord’s exploitation of landless peasants is Chha Maana Atha Guntha. It was written a long time ago.
|Books name||Atmajibana Charita /ଆତ୍ମଜୀବନ ଚରିତ|
|Author||Fakira Mohana Senapati|
|No Of pages||11|
|Printed At||Shree Radhanatha Co-operative Press|