Human history in Odisha begins in the Lower Paleolithic era, as Acheulian tools dating to the period have been discovered in various places in the region.The early history of Odisha can be traced back to the mentions found in ancient texts like the Mahabharata, Maha Govinda Sutta and some Puranas.The region was also known to other kingdoms in region of East Indies due to maritime trade relations.
The year 1568 CE is considered a pivotal point in the region’s history. In 1568 CE, the region was conquered by the armies of the Sultanate of Bengal led by the iconoclast general Kalapahad. The region lost its political identity. The following rulers of the region were more tributary lords than actual kings. After 1751, the Marathas gained control of the region. During the Maratha administration , literature and poetry flourished. In 1803, the region was passed onto the British Empire. The British divided the region into parts of other provinces. In 1936, the province of Odisha was formed on the basis of populations of Odia-speaking people.
|Utkala Itihasa / ଉତ୍କଳ ଇତିହାସ
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